Research Papers

Paul Julius Alexander

Paul J. Alexander, The Strength of Empire and Capital as Seen through Byzantine Eyes, Speculum, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Jul., 1962), pp. 339-357

Alexander, Paul J, Medieval Apocalypses as Historical Sources, American Historical Review, Volume LXXIII, Number 4, April 1968, pp. 997–1018.

Paul J. Alexander,Byzantium and the migration of literary works and motifs: the legend of the last Roman emperor.” Medievalia et Humanistica vol. 2, New Series (1971), pp: 47-68

Alexander, Paul J. , The Medieval Legend of the Last Roman Emperor and its Messianic Origin, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 41 (published in 1978), pp. 1–15.  (alternative PDF text version)

András Kraft

Chapter 5: On the Eschatological Elucidation of the ‘Ishmaelite’ Phenomenon. Oxford University Research Archive, 2010.  (alternative version)

The Last Roman Emperor Topos In The Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition (Published 2012).  Also: Masters Thesis 2011 version

“Constantinople in Byzantine Apocalyptic Thought.” Annual of Medieval Studies at CEU,  vol. 18 2012, pp 25–36

“An inventory of Medieval Greek Apocalyptic sources (c. 500–1500 AD): Naming and dating, editions and manuscripts.” Millennium-Jahrbuch 15 (2018): 69–143

“Typological Hermeneutics and Apocalyptic Time: A Case Study of the Medieval Greek Last Vision of the Prophet Daniel.”   In Όψεις του Βυζαντινού Χρόνου. Πρακτικά Διεθνούς Συνεδρίου, Αθήνα, 29–30 Μαΐου 2015, ed. Elenē G. Saradē, et al., 180–194. Kalamata: Χριστιανικό και Βυζαντινό Μουσείο, 2018

“Miracles and Pseudo-Miracles in Byzantine Apocalypses.” In Recognizing Miracles in Antiquity and Beyond, ed. Maria Gerolemou, 111–130. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2018

“Living on the Edge of Time: Temporal Patterns and Irregularities in Byzantine Historical Apocalypses.” In The Fascination with Unknown Time, ed. Sibylle Baumbach, Lena Henningsen, Klaus Oschema, 71–91. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017

Review on: Stephen J. Shoemaker. The Apocalypse of Empire. Imperial Eschatology in Late Antiquity and Early Islam. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press 2018

Between the Imminent End and Eternity: Considerations in the Byzantine theology of time, PhD Research Description, András Kraft (2014)

The Last Roman Emperor and the Mahdī. On the Genesis of a contentious Politico-Religious Topos.” In Πρακτικά Διεθνούς Συμποσίου: Βυζάντιο και Αραβικός κόσμος. Συνάντηση Πολιτισμών, ed. A. Kralides and A. Gkoutzioukostas, 233–248. Thessaloniki: AUTH (2013)

George T. Zervos

The Apocalypse of Daniel (Ninth Century A.D.): A New Translation and Introduction. In The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha I: Apocalyptic Literature and Testaments, ed. James H. Charlesworth, 1983, 755–770.Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company.

Francisco Javier Martinez

Eastern Christian Apocalyptic in the Early Muslim Period: Pseudo-Methodius and Pseudo-Athanasius, Dissertation. Washington DC 1985, F.J. Martinez.

Lennart Rydén

The Andreas Salos Apocalypse. Greek Text, Translation, and Commentary, Lennart Rydén Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 28 (1974), pp. 197-261

Joost van den Oever

Time after Constantinople: Apocalyptic Expectations and the Fall of Constantinople (1453 A.D.) – Research Masters Thesis. Radboud University Nijmegen, August 2012

Christopher Bonura

The Man and the Myth: Heraclius and the Legend of the Last Roman Emperor, Masters Thesis, University of Florida (2011)   (alternate PDF link)

When did the Legend of the Last Emperor Originate? A New Look at the Textual Relationship between the Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius and the Tiburtine Sibyl, Viator, vol. 47 no. 3 (Autumn, 2016)    (alternate PDF version)

A Forgotten Translation of Pseudo-Methodius in Eighth-Century Constantinople: New Evidence for the Dispersal of the Greek Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius during the Dark Age Crisis, in From Constantinople to the Frontier: The City and the Cities (2016)

Stephen Shoemaker

The Tiburtine Sibyl, the Last Emperor, and the Early Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition (2014)     (alternate PDF download link)

“The Reign of God Has Come”: Eschatology and Empire in Late Antiquity and Early Islam. Arabica 61 (2014)

Warren Treadgold

The Prophecies of the Patriarch Methodius. Revue des études Byzantines 62 (2004). pp. 229–237  (alternate link)

Jane Baun

The Moral Apocalypse in Byzantium, Author: Jane Baun, from Apocalyptic Time (Studies in the History of Religions) (Numen Book) pp: 241–267, E-Book ISBN: 9789047400561, Publisher: Brill, Date: 01 Jan 2000  (Google Book Preview)

Petre Guran

Historical Prophecies from Late Antique Apocalypticism to Secular Eschatology

Pablo Ubierna

Syriac Apocalyptic and the Body Politic: from individual salvation to the Fate of the State. Notes on Seventh Century Texts, Imago Temporis – Medium Aevum. 6. 141-164. (January 2012)  (alternate download link)

BYZANTINE GREEK APOCALYPSES AND THE WEST: A CASE STUDY, in H. Amirav, E. Grypeou and G. Stroumsa, Apocalypticism and Eschatology in Late Antiquity, 2017

Kaya Şahin

Constantinople and the End Time: The Ottoman Conquest as a Portent of the Last Hour – Journal of Early Modern History (2010)

Vassilka Tapkova-Zaimova & Anissava Miltenova

Historical and Apocalyptic Literature in Byzantium and Medieval Bulgaria (2011)

Michael Twomey

The Revelationes of Pseudo-Methodius and Scriptural Study at Salisbury in the Eleventh Century, Source of Wisdom: Old English and Early Medieval Latin Studies in Honour of Thomas D. Hill, 2007Michael Twomey  (another version here)

Emmanouela Grypeou

‘A People Will Emerge from the Desert’: Apocalyptic Perceptions of the Early Muslim Conquests in Contemporary Eastern Christian Literature (2017)

Smilja Marjanović-Dušanić

The Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition – A Fourteenth-century Serbian Version of the Apocalypse of Anastasia, School of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Journal: Balcanica, ISSN 0350-7653. Volume: 2011; Issue: 42 (2011)

Marios Hatzopoulos

Eighteenth century Greek Prophetic Literature, David Thomas & John Chesworth (eds), Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History, Volume 13 Central and Eastern Europe 1700-1800, Leiden: Brill (forthcoming April 2020), 2020

Oracular Prophecy and the Politics of Toppling Ottoman Rule in South-East Europe, Historical Review VIII:95-116, January 2011  (alternative version)

Prophetic Structures of the Ottoman-ruled Orthodox Community in Comparative Perspective: Some Preliminary Observations, Paschalis M. Kitromilides & Sophia Matthaiou (eds), Greek-Serbian Relations in the Age of Nation-Building, Athens, 2016

Willem Johan Aerts

Willem Johan Aerts, University of Groningen, “Gog, Magog, Dogheads and other monsters in the Byzantine World”, pages 23-36, book titled: Embodiments of Evil. Gog and Magog: Interdisciplinary Studies of the “Other” in Literature & Internet Texts, Seyed-Gohrab, A.A.; Doufikar-Aerts, F.; McGlinn

G.J. Reinink

G.J. Reinink, ‘Early Christian reactions to the building of the Dome of the Rock’, Xristiansky Vostok 2 (2001) 227-41 (repr. in Reinink, Syriac Christianity)

Lutz Greisiger

The Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius (Syriac), 2007,, in Christian-Muslim Relations A Biographical History, VOL 1 (600-900), Brill, 2009, pp. 163-171

Witold Witakowski

‘The eschatological program of the Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodios: Does it make sense?’, Rocznik Orientalistyczny, 53:1 (Warsaw, Poland, 2000), pp. 33-42; (alternate PDF version)

Lorenzo DiTommaso

The Armenian Seventh Vision of Daniel and the Historical Apocalyptica of Late Antiquity, Published in: The Armenian ApocalypticTradition, A Comparative Perspective Essays Presented in Honor of Professor Robert W. Thomsonon the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday Edited by Kevork B. Bardakjian and Sergio La Porta, Brill (2014)

Book Review of “The Sibyl and Her Scribes Manuscripts and Interpretation of the Latin Sibylla Tiburtina C. 1050-1500” By Anke Holdenried 2006 (2011)

Elizabeth A Fisher

Natural Omens in Byzantine Literature: An Unpublished Translator’s Preface to a Brontologion (Petrop.Bibl.Publ. 575)

Alexios of Byzantium and the Apocalypse of Daniel: A Tale of Kings, Wars and Translators, Bizans ve Çevre Kültürler / Byzantium and the Surrounding Cultures (Festschrift in honor of S.Yildiz Ötüken) ed. Sema Doğan and Mine Kadiroğlu (Istanbul 2010) 177-85. Preprint version (please cite from the published version)

Katelyn Mesler

Imperial Prophecy and Papal Crisis: The Latin Reception of The Prophecy of the True Emperor, Rivista di Storia della Chiesa in Italia, Vol. 61, No. 2 (LUGLIO-DICEMBRE 2007), pp. 371-415 (alternative download link)

Ilkka Lindstedt

The Last Roman Emperor, the Mahdī, and Jerusalem, Ilkka Lindstedt, Understanding the Spiritual Meaning of Jerusalem in Three Abrahamic Religions, pp 205-225, 978-90-04-40685-8, 2019  (another version here)

Albrecht Berger, University of Munich

Magical Constantinople: statues, legends, and the end of time, Scandinavian Journal of Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies (2016)

Muriel Debié

Muslim-Christian Controversy in an Unedited Syriac Text, The History of Christian-Muslim Relations Vol 5 – The Encounter of Eastern Christianity with Early Islam, Brill, Leiden – Boston (2006)

Benjamin Garstad

Alexander’s Gate and the Unclean Nations: Translation, Textual Appropriation, and the Construction of Barriers (2016)

Mauricio Lapchik Minski

The Kebra Nagast and the Syriac Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius: A Miaphysite Eschatological Tradition, The Hebruew University of Jerusalem (2016)

Don Ostrowski

“The ‘Enclosed People’ of the Revelations of Pseudo-Methodios of Patara in the Povest’ vremennykh let” (2014)

Katharine Scarfe Beckett

Chapter 7 “Pseudo-Methodius and the sons of Ismael” – Anglo-Saxon Perceptions of the Islamic World, Cambridge University Press, Oct 16, 2003

John Sanidopoulos

The Influence of the Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, (June 21, 2017)  (PDF version)

Mario Gregorio

The prophecy of Bishop Semechobus (better known as Pseudo-Methodius, 7th century, Syrian), Excerpt from “Various Prophecies from the Mirabilis Liber”

Dr Anke Holdenried

Christian Moral Decline: A New Context for the Sibylla Tiburtina (Ms Escorial &.I.3). In Peoples of the Apocalypse : Eschatological Beliefs and Political Scenarios (Vol. 63, pp. 321-336). (Millennium-Studien / Millennium Studies 63; Vol. 63). Berlin, Boston: de Gruyter, (2016).

Many Hands Without Design: The Evolution of a Medieval Prophetic Text. The Mediaeval Journal, 4(1), 23-42. DOI: 10.1484/J.TMJ.1.103939 (2014)

Rebekka Voß

Charles V as Last World Emperor and Jewish Hero, Jewish History ISSN 0334-701X, Volume 30, Combined 1-2 Jew History (2016) 30:81-106DOI 10.1007/s10835-016-9261-x